Papal bull, in Roman Catholicism, an official papal letter or document. The name is derived from the lead seal (bulla) traditionally affixed to such documents. By the 13th century the term papal bull was being used only for the most important documents issued by the pope. via
When was the first papal bull?
The papal bull annulling Magna Carta was issued by Pope Innocent III (1161–1216) on 24 August 1215. It was written by a scribe in the papal chancery, and is authenticated by the leaden bulla (seal) of the Pope. via
What happened as a result of the papal bull of 1493?
Pope Alexander VI's Demarcation Bull, May 4, 1493. It established a demarcation line one hundred leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde Islands and assigned Spain the exclusive right to acquire territorial possessions and to trade in all lands west of that line. via
What did the papal bull of 1870 do?
The doctrine of papal infallibility, the Latin phrase ex cathedra (literally, "from the chair"), was proclaimed by Pius IX in 1870 as meaning "when, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, [the Bishop of Rome] defines a doctrine concerning via
Why did Martin Luther burn the Papal Bull?
After several attempts by the church to stop Luther from preaching his beliefs, Pope Leo wrote “Exsurge Domin” (Latin for “Arise, O Lord”) in response to Luther's teachings in 1520. 10, Luther publicly burned a copy of “Exsurge Domine” and refused to recant. via
Are papal bulls doctrine?
The Papal Bulls of Discovery are an important piece of a larger idea in international law, called the Discovery Doctrine, which holds that when European nations “discovered” non-European lands, they gained special rights over that land, such as sovereignty and title, regardless of what other peoples live on that land. via
What does it mean when a pope issues a bull?
A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the leaden seal (bulla) that was traditionally appended to the end in order to authenticate it. via
Who was the first pope?
Peter, traditionally considered the first pope. Among these, 82 have been proclaimed saints, as have some antipopes (rival claimants to the papal throne who were appointed or elected in opposition to the legitimate pope). via
Why did Pope Alexander VI make the papal donation?
The Bulls of Donation, also called the Alexandrine Bulls, and the Papal donations of 1493, are three papal bulls of Pope Alexander VI delivered in 1493 which purported to grant overseas territories to Portugal and the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. via
Which Pope divided the world?
On June 7, 1494, Pope Alexander VI divided the world in half, bestowing the western portion on Spain, and the eastern on Portugal. via
Why did the pope issue the Inter Caetera?
Two papal bulls, in particular, stand out: (1) Pope Nicholas V issued "Romanus Pontifex" in 1455, granting the Portuguese a monopoly of trade with Africa and authorizing the enslavement of local people; (2) Pope Alexander VI issued the Papal Bull “Inter Caetera” in 1493 to justify Christian European explorers' claims via
How do you greet the pope?
Addressing the Pope in Person. Refer to the Pope as "Holy Father.” Other appropriate ways to address the Pope in person include "Your Holiness" and "Most Holy Father." “His Holiness” and “Holy Father” both address the Pope by his title and position in the Church. via
Who could excommunicate the king?
As the King was considered having divine rights and he is sacred by the church (2 bishops or 1 archbishop or 1 cardinal), can he be excommunicated by the Pope and have the player loose a Victory Point ? Anyway he doesn't lose any VPs. via
What power does the Pope have?
As head of the Roman Catholic Church, the pope is the supreme spiritual leader of the church and controls the church doctrine. With more than a billion followers, the pope's decisions affect societies and governments all over the world. via